Zika outbreaks are currently happening in many countries and territories. The mosquitoes that can become infected with and spread Zika live in many parts of the world, including parts of the United States. Specific areas where Zika virus is spreading are often difficult to determine and are likely to change over time.
Zika virus spreads to people primarily through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. Zika can also be passed through sex from a person who has Zika to his or her sex partners and it can be spread from a pregnant woman to her fetus.
There is no vaccine to prevent Zika. The best way to prevent diseases spread by mosquitoes is to protect yourself and your family from mosquito bites. Here’s how:
- Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants.
- Stay in places with air conditioning and window and door screens to keep mosquitoes outside.
- Take steps to control mosquitoes inside and outside your home.
- Use Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-registered insect repellents. Always follow the product label instructions.
- Prevent sexual transmission of Zika by using condoms or not having sex.
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